Can You Match the City to the Correct Province?


By: Ashley Linkletter

6 Min Quiz

Image: joe daniel price/Moment/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Canada is widely known for its vast, unpopulated wilderness — current statistics show that two out of every three Canadians live within 100 kilometres of the United States border. With a population that is expected to reach 38 million in the next couple of years, Canada's cities are growing both in terms of residential and geographical size. Some of these cities are well-known for being provincial capitals, and others are celebrated for their contributions to Canada's economic and cultural landscape. This quiz also features a sampling of Canadian cities that might not be as familiar to you. Each of the cities mentioned in the following questions is located in one of Canada's 10 provinces, which is where your geography skills will come in handy!

You may find it helpful to clear your mind and picture a map of Canada as you go through this quiz — hopefully, you'll be able to get a rough idea of where a particular city is located in the context of its home province. You'll learn all about the cities that shape the country's identity as well as the one-of-a-kind features that make them so unique. You'll also discover that the largest cities aren't necessarily the most historic or politically relevant — in fact, it's some of Canada's smaller cities that hold the most importance in terms of their contributions to Canada's identity as a nation.

You're trying to find the city of Victoria on a map — where should you be looking?

Commonly referred to as "The Garden City," the city of Victoria is located on British Columbia's Vancouver Island. A major draw for tourists, Victoria is the capital of British Columbia and is home to the British Columbia Parliament Buildings and the second oldest China Town in North America.


Despite having its very own Covent Garden Market, this London is found in Canada, not England. Which province is it in?

With a population nearing 400,000, the city of London is located in southwestern Ontario. Home to the University of Western Ontario and Fanshawe College, London also boasts several major research hospitals, — all of which are main employers for the surrounding area.


Vancouver is the most densely populated city in Western Canada — do you know which province it can be found in?

If you want to visit Vancouver, you'll have to travel to the province of British Columbia! The Greater Vancouver area has a population total of just under 2,500,000 — this makes it the third most-populated city in all of Canada (following behind Toronto and Montreal.)


Montreal is considered one of Canada's most important main cultural hubs; where is it located?

Located in the province of Quebec, Montreal has the second-highest population of any city in Canada. A truly bilingual city, Montreal blends Old World aesthetics and tradition with modern culture, as evidenced by its annual Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Osheaga Music Festival.


Officially named Québec — but also known as Quebec City in English-speaking parts of Canada — can you guess which province this city calls home?

If you guessed that the city of Québec (or Québec City) is located in the province of Québec, then you're correct! About 95% of Québec citizens speak French as their first language; according to census data, less than 2% of the population are native Anglophones.


The city of St. John's is North America's most eastern city; which province is it in?

The capital city of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's is located on the tip of the Avalon Peninsula. In addition to being the easternmost city in North America, St. John's is also one of the oldest established cities on the continent — it has been found marked on maps from 1519!


If you're a fan of L.M. Montgomery, you'll know where the city of Charlottetown can be found! Do you know which province it's located in?

Charlottetown, named after Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (a consort of King George III), is the capital city of the province of Prince Edward Island. Every year the city hosts the Charlottetown Festival, where fans of Canadian literature can attend a performance of "Anne of Green Gables: The Musical."


Why go to England to see Shakespearean theatre when Canada has its very own Stratford? Doth thou knowest where thine city can be found?

Theatre lovers from all over the globe will know that Stratford is located in southwestern Ontario! The Stratford Festival, previously known as the Stratford Shakespeare Festival, is world-renowned for its annual theatrical performances from May to October.


Moose Jaw is the fourth largest city in the province it calls home — which province is it?

If you want to visit the city of Moose Jaw, you'll need to find your way to Saskatchewan (about 80 kilometres west of Regina.) Moose Jaw residents — or Moose Javians, as they prefer to be called — will tell you the city's name is based on the moose jaw-like shape of a nearby creek.


Saskatoon is the largest city in its province. Can you guess which province the statement is referring to?

With a population of just under 300,000, Saskatoon is the largest city in the province of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon is celebrated for its dedication to theatre, music and the arts — iconic Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell calls Saskatoon her hometown.


Whether you call it Winnipeg or Winterpeg, this Canadian city can be found in which prairie province?

Winnipeg is the provincial capital of Manitoba — and the province's largest city. Famous for its frigid temperatures, winters in January sit at an average temperature of -21degrees Celsius — owning a parka is a must for residents of this city.


Your short film just won a prize at the Toronto International Film Festival! Which province is shown on your ticket to the awards ceremony?

Home of the Toronto International Film Festival, Toronto is the largest city in Canada — with a population of almost 3 million — and Ontario's provincial capital. Toronto has several suburbs that make up the Greater Toronto Area, a census area with a population of almost 3 million.


Everyone knows Ottawa is the capital of Canada, but do you know which province this city is in?

The capital of Canada, Ottawa, is located in southeast Ontario. Ottawa is the political hub of Canada and is home to Parliament Hill, which includes the Parliament Buildings, Peace Tower, Library of Parliament as well as the Senate and Commons chambers.


Situated close to a Great Lake bearing the same name as the province it's located in, where is the city of St. Catharines?

The city of St. Catharines is in Ontario — close to Lake Ontario! St. Catharines is well-known for its collection of public gardens, parks and trails and is nicknamed "The Garden City" in honour of its greenery.


If you're headed to Halifax, you'll need to know which Maritime province to look out for. Do you know where to find this historic city?

Beautiful historic Halifax is the provincial capital of Nova Scotia, with a population of approximately 350,000 residents. Halifax is famous for its pre-Victorian buildings and heritage wooden houses. Halifax's Dalhousie University, a particularly beautiful set of buildings, is regularly featured in TV shows and films.


Amateur astronomers will definitely want to plan a trip to the city of Laval. In which province is this city located?

Look no further than Laval, Quebec, if you love all things space-related! Laval's Cosmodome, a space museum and centre for space education, is the official Space Camp Canada and Space Science Centre locale.


Do you know which province the city of Regina is capital of?

The provincial capital of Saskatchewan, the city of Regina, is named after Queen Victoria — Canada's monarch between the years of 1837 and 1901. The Regina Symphony Orchestra can lay claim to being Canada's oldest continuously performing orchestra; it can still be found performing regularly at the Saskatchewan Centre of the Arts.


The city of Richmond is a must-see destination for anyone who loves authentic East Asian cuisine. Can you guess which province you'll have to travel to?

Look no further than Richmond, British Columbia, for the best authentic Asian food in the country! Richmond's population is largely made up of immigrants — it has the highest immigrant population in Canada — which makes it the perfect foodie destination for fans of Chinese, Filipino and Japanese cuisines (to name just a few!).


Where is the body of water the town of Trois-Rivières is named after?

Trois-Rivierès — which translates to "three rivers" — is a city located in the province of Quebec. It is named after the three mouths of the Saint-Maurice River where it meets the Saint Lawrence River, and the residents of Trois-Rivierès are referred to as Trifluviens.


Your friend just moved to Red Deer and you want to mail them a letter — which province do you write down as part of the address?

You'll want to make sure the province of Alberta follows the city of Red Deer when you address your letter! The third most-populated city in Alberta, Red Deer was also the third city in the province to surpass 100,000 residents!


There's a Niagara Falls in the state of New York and then there's a Niagara Falls in its neighbouring province. Do you know the name of the province Niagara Falls calls home?

Look no further than Southern Ontario if you're heading to the Canadian side of Niagara Falls! Besides the actual Falls themselves, the city is made up of an impressive combination of hotels, casinos, light exhibitions, museums and live music venues.


The city of Moncton is known as "Hub City" thanks to its placement in the Maritimes. Which province is Moncton a part of?

The city of Moncton is located in the province of New Brunswick! Moncton is officially considered a bilingual Canadian city — approximately two-thirds of its population consider English their first language while the remaining third identify French as their native language.


Located off the Bay of Fundy, which province is the port city of Saint John found in?

Saint John, New Brunswick — not to be confused with St. Johns, Newfoundland and Labrador — is a major port city in the Canadian Maritimes. Saint John has a rich Maritime history and is the country's oldest chartered city (ahead of Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver and Lloydminister.)


Medicine Hat is also called "The Gas City" — can you identify the city's province out of the following options?

Known for its surrounding natural gas fields, the prairie city of Medicine Hat is situated in southeast Alberta. Hikers take note: Medicine Hat has over 100 kilometres of walkable trails and parks, including Police Point Park, Strathcona Island Park and Central Park.


Do you know which of these Maritime provinces Fredericton is located in?

The city of Fredericton is the provincial capital of New Brunswick (although it's only the third-largest city in the province in terms of population.) The University of New Brunswick and St. Thomas University are both located in Fredericton — the former of the two schools is the oldest university in North America.


If you move to Warman, you'll need to get a driver's license for which province?

As a new resident of the city of Warman, you'll need a Saskatchewan driver's license! Warman is Canada's fastest-growing municipality — from 2011 to 2016, the city's population grew by an unprecedented 55%.


Do you know which province you'd have to visit to find the city of Newmarket?

The city of Newmarket can be found in the province of Ontario! Along with several other neighbouring cities, Newmarket is part of the Greater Toronto Area and is situated in the Golden Horseshoe — a region of Ontario between Lake Ontario and Lake Simcoe.


The former city of Dartmouth is now known as a community but it's still located in the same province — can you guess the name of the province?

The community of Dartmouth is stationed in Nova Scotia, specifically the Halifax Regional Municipality of Nova Scotia. Thanks to the community's proximity to 23 nearby lakes, Dartmouth is also known as "The City of Lakes."


There is more than one city named Kingston in Canada — this question refers to the community located on the shores of Lake Ontario. Which province is it in?

Kingston is situated in Eastern Ontario, close to the beginning of the St. Lawrence River and the southern tip of the Rideau Canal. The city of Kingston has a rich military history and was briefly the capital of the United Province of Canada from 1841 to 1844.


Do you which French-speaking province the city of Saguenay calls home?

The city of Saguenay was recently formed in the province of Quebec. Saguenay was officially established in 2002 when the town of La Baie was integrated with the nearby cities of Chicoutimi and Jonquière.


The city of Windsor may be known for being the "Automotive Capital of Canada," but where is it located in terms of Canadian provinces?

The city of Windsor is located in Ontario — right on the southern shores of the Detroit River. Windsor is a major port of entry into the United States and the city of Detroit, Michigan, is situated directly across the river.


In 1992 Burnaby became an official city in which province?

Look no further than British Columbia if you want to find out where the city of Burnaby is located! With a population of approximately 250,000 citizens, Burnaby is the third-largest city in British Columbia (behind the cities of Vancouver and Surrey.)


You'd love to go see North America's biggest mall in the city of Edmonton — which province will you be visiting?

The West Edmonton Mall — the world's biggest mall until 2004 — is located in Edmonton, Alberta. While you're staying in Edmonton, you should also make sure to visit Canada's biggest living history museum, Fort Edmonton Park.


The fourth-largest city in Canada is Calgary — which province is it located in?

The city of Calgary is located in southern Alberta, roughly 80 kilometres from the Canadian Rockies. With a population hovering around 1,300,000, Calgary is a major centre of economic activity in Canada — it boasts the highest number of millionaires per capita out of all other Canadian cities.


You'll need to head north to find the city of Prince George. Where is the location of this chilly city?

Brr! The city of Prince George is located in northern British Columbia, where winter temperatures as low as -50° Celsius have been recorded. If the cold weather isn't your favourite don't worry, summer temperatures in Prince George hover in the low '20s.


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